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Ultrastructure and molecular characterization of a microsporidium, Tubulinosema hippodamiae, from the convergent lady beetle, Hippodamia convergens Guérin-Méneville.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21056570     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hippodamia convergens, the convergent lady beetle, is available for aphid control in home gardens and in commercial food production systems throughout the United States and Canada. Beetles received from commercial insectaries for biological control are occasionally infected with a microsporidium. The objective of this study was to describe the pathogen by means of ultrastructure, molecular characterization and tissue pathology. All stages of the microsporidium were in direct contact with the host cell cytoplasm. Early developmental stages were proximal to mature spores and both were observed throughout the tissue sections that were examined. Merogony resulted from binary fission. Early-stage sporoblasts were surrounded by a highly convoluted plasma membrane and contained an electron-dense cytoplasm and diplokaryon. Ovoid to elongated late-stage sporoblasts were surrounded by a relatively complete spore wall. The polar filament, polaroplast, and anchoring disk were readily observed within the cell cytoplasm. Mature spores were typical of terrestrial microsporidia, with a thickened endospore surrounded by a thin exospore. Spores contained well-defined internal structures, including a diplokaryon, lamellar polaroplast and a slightly anisofilar polar filament with 10-14 coils arranged in a single or double row. A prominent indentation was evident at the apical end of the spore wall proximal to the anchoring disk. Aberrant spores were also observed. These had a fully developed endospore and exospore but lacked any discernable internal spore structures, and were, instead, filled with lamellar or vesicular structures. Typical and aberrant spores measured 3.58±0.2×2.06±0.2μm (n=10) and 3.38±0.8×2.13±0.2μm (n=10), respectively. Spores were observed in longitudinal muscle surrounding the midgut and within the fat body, Malpighian tubules, pyloric valve epithelium, ventral nerve cord ganglia, muscles and ovaries. The hindgut epithelium was often infected but the connective tissues were rarely invaded. The life cycle and pathology of the microsporidium bears some resemblance to Nosema hippodamiae, the only microsporidium reported from H. convergens by Lipa and Steinhaus in 1959. Molecular characterization of the pathogen genomic DNA revealed that it is 99% similar to Tubulinosema acridophagus and T. ratisbonensis, two pathogens that infect Drosophila melanogaster and 98% similar to T. kingi from D. willistoni. Based on similarities in pathogen ultrastructure and the molecular information gained during this study, we propose that the microsporidium in H. convergens be given the name Tubulinosema hippodamiae.
Authors:
S Bjørnson; J Le; T Saito; H Wang
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of invertebrate pathology     Volume:  106     ISSN:  1096-0805     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Invertebr. Pathol.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014067     Medline TA:  J Invertebr Pathol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  280-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, Saint Mary's University, 923 Robie Street, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 3C3.
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