Document Detail

Ultrastructural and rheological properties of bovine vaginal fluid and its relation to sperm motility and fertilization: a review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15819952     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The tubular genital organs of the mammalian female reproductive tract provide different luminal microenvironments that can act as an aid or a barrier to gamete transport and the first steps of embryonic development. The mechanism of sperm transport through the genital tract has not been fully established but, first of all, sperm cells encounter and need to overcome mucous-like secretions to reach the site where fertilization occurs. One of these secretions, vaginal fluid, is a complex biological product, which is mainly derived from cervical mucus. In this review, we focus on recent studies that describe the relationships between the ultrastructural and rheological properties of bovine vaginal fluid and sperm motion. In the light of this, we propose bovine vaginal fluid as a morphofunctional model for the study of sperm transport in mammals.
J Rutllant; M López-Béjar; F López-Gatius
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0936-6768     ISO Abbreviation:  Reprod. Domest. Anim.     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-11     Completed Date:  2005-08-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9015668     Medline TA:  Reprod Domest Anim     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  79-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Anatomy College of Veterinary Medicine, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, CA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cattle / physiology*
Cervix Mucus / chemistry*,  physiology*
Estrus / physiology
Fertilization / physiology*
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning / veterinary
Sperm Motility / physiology*
Sperm Transport
Spermatozoa / ultrastructure
Vagina / chemistry*,  ultrastructure

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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