Document Detail

Ultrastructural changes in isolated perfused proximal tubules during osmotic water flow.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3425719     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Steady-state effects of osmotic gradients on extracellular spaces and cell volumes were studied by ultrastructural morphometry in isolated perfused Ambystoma proximal tubules. Solute clamping, high-resolution pressure and flow control of lumen and bath solutions were all ascertained before and during fixation. Isosmotic removal of organic substrates in the lumen reversibly abolished transport, as confirmed by transepithelial potential decrease from -4.7 +/- 0.5 to -0.5 +/- 0.2 mV (n = 8) but had no effect on ultrastructural parameters. The walls of the extracellular spaces are therefore not deformed by spontaneous solute-coupled water transport. A hyperosmolar lumen generated a streaming potential of -1.56 +/- 0.15 mV (n = 8), reduced cell volume to 65%, reduced lateral intercellular space (LIS) volume to 20%, and LIS volume density to 29% of control without significant effects on the volume of the basal extracellular labyrinth (BEL). A hyperosmolar bath generated a streaming potential of +1.96 +/- 0.30 mV (n = 7), reduced cell volume to 68%, and increased LIS volume density to 236% of control. BEL volume was 55% larger during lumen-to-bath flow than during bath-to-lumen flow. Because cell volume reduction is very similar for both directions of osmotic water flow, the oppositely directed volume changes in the extracellular spaces are secondary to transepithelial water flow. The greater change in volume of LIS compared with BEL indicates that the outermost parts of the LIS are more resistive to transepithelial water flow than the slitlike communications of the BEL with the peritubular space.
A B Maunsbach; S Tripathi; E L Boulpaep
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  253     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1987 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-01-28     Completed Date:  1988-01-28     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  F1091-104     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cell Biology, University of Aarhus, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Ambystoma / anatomy & histology*
Cell Compartmentation
Epithelium / ultrastructure
Extracellular Space / ultrastructure
Kidney Tubules, Proximal / ultrastructure*
Microscopy, Electron
Reference Values
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fixatives; 7732-18-5/Water

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