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Ultrastructural cell wall characteristics of clinical gentamycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23338781     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The frequent use of gentamycin (GM) ointment for the treatment of skin infections has led to an increase in the number of GM-resistant clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus. We examined the ultrastructural characteristics of 14 clinical strains of S. aureus by transmission electron microscopy. Seven of these isolates were GM-resistant, and seven isolates were GM-sensitive. We found that the cell wall of GM-resistant strains (32.24 ± 5.99 nm) was significantly thicker than that of GM-sensitive strains (19.02 ± 2.72 nm). We genetically characterized these isolates by polymerase chain reaction, targeting the genes for three aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes, aac(6')-aph(2''), aph(3')-III, and ant(4')-I. All GM-resistant strains tested carried the gene encoding aac(6')-aph(2''). However, we were unable to establish a link between a specific gene and cell wall thickening, because one GM-resistant strain was also positive for aph(3')-III. We also demonstrated that a GM-resistant mutant strain, derived in vitro from a GM-sensitive S. aureus parent strain (209P), also exhibited a thickened cell wall. These results strongly suggest that a thickened cell wall is a common ultrastructural characteristic of GM-resistant S. aureus clinical strains.
Authors:
Kenji Fukutsuji; Sakuo Yamada; Tamotsu Harada
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical molecular morphology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1860-1499     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Mol Morphol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101239023     Medline TA:  Med Mol Morphol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Otolaryngology, Kawasaki Medical School, 577 Matsusima, Kurasiki, Okayama, Japan, fuku29fukusuke@yahoo.co.jp.
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