Document Detail

Ultrasound in the Assessment of Pulmonary Fibrosis in Connective Tissue Disorders: Correlation with High-Resolution Computed Tomography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22753655     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between ultrasound (US) B-lines and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings in the assessment of pulmonary fibrosis (PF) in patients with connective tissue disorders (CTD). METHODS: Thirty-four patients with a diagnosis of CTD were included. Each patient underwent clinical examination, pulmonary function test (PFT), chest HRCT, and lung US by an experienced radiologist or rheumatologist. A second rheumatologist carried out US examinations to assess interobserver agreement. In each patient, US B-line lung assessment including 50 intercostal spaces (IS) was performed. For the anterior and lateral chest, the IS were the second to the fifth along the parasternal, mid-clavicular, anterior axillary, and medial axillary lines (the left fifth IS of the anterior and lateral chest was not performed because of the presence of the heart, which limits lung visualization). For the posterior chest, the IS assessed were the seventh to the eighth along the posterior-axillary and subscapular lines. The second to eighth IS were assessed in the paravertebral line. In each IS, the number of US B-lines under the transducer was recorded, summed, and graded according to the following semiquantitative scoring: grade 0 = normal (< 10 B-lines); grade 1 = mild (11 to 20 B-lines); grade 2 = moderate (21 to 50 Blines); and grade 3 = marked (> 50 B-lines). RESULTS: A total of 1700 IS in 34 patients were assessed. A significant linear correlation was found between the US score and the HRCT score (p < 0.001; correlation coefficient r = 0.875). A positive correlation was found between US B-line assessments and values of DLCO (p = 0.014). Both κ values and overall percentages of interobserver agreement showed excellent agreement. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that US B-line assessment may be a useful and reliable additional imaging method in the evaluation of PF in patients with CTD.
Marika Tardella; Marwin Gutierrez; Fausto Salaffi; Marina Carotti; Alarico Ariani; Chiara Bertolazzi; Emilio Filippucci; Walter Grassi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of rheumatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0315-162X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501984     Medline TA:  J Rheumatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
From the Rheumatology Department, Clinica Reumatologica, and the S.O.D. Radiologia Clinica, Dipartimento di Scienze Radiologiche, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Jesi, Ancona, Italy.
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