Document Detail

Ultrasound findings in children with toxocariasis: report on 18 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10382204     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To evaluate abdominal ultrasound (US) findings in children infected with Toxocara canis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen children, 18 months to 7 years of age, with serological diagnosis of T.canis infection underwent abdominal US. Eosinophil counts, hemoglobin levels and immunoglobulin E titers were measured for all patients. RESULTS: Abdominal ultrasound revealed multiple hypoechoic areas in the livers of 15 patients (83.3%). Hepatohilar lymph-node enlargement was present in 14 patients (77.7%), 2 of whom also showed peripancreatic lymph-node enlargement. Hepatomegaly was present in 13 patients (72.7%) and splenomegaly in 9 (50%). CONCLUSION: The most prevalent findings of abdominal ultrasound examination of children with T.canis infection are hepatic granulomas and abdominal lymph-node enlargement. This infection should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any children who exhibit these findings on abdominal US examination, especially for those with eosinophilia.
M Baldisserotto; C F Conchin; M da G Soares; M A Araujo; B Kramer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric radiology     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0301-0449     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Radiol     Publication Date:  1999 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-29     Completed Date:  1999-07-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0365332     Medline TA:  Pediatr Radiol     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  316-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Hospital da Criança Conceição-Ministry of Health, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Antigens, Helminth / analysis
Antinematodal Agents / therapeutic use
Child, Preschool
Diagnosis, Differential
Diethylcarbamazine / therapeutic use
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Eosinophilia / blood,  drug therapy,  parasitology
Hepatomegaly / drug therapy,  parasitology,  ultrasonography*
Leukocyte Count
Retrospective Studies
Splenomegaly / drug therapy,  parasitology,  ultrasonography*
Thiabendazole / therapeutic use
Toxocara canis / immunology
Toxocariasis / drug therapy,  parasitology,  ultrasonography*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antigens, Helminth; 0/Antinematodal Agents; 148-79-8/Thiabendazole; 90-89-1/Diethylcarbamazine

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