Document Detail

Ultrasound evaluation of brain infections and its complications in Nigerian infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20555051     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Infantile meningitis is a clinical diagnosis. However, suspicion of its complications may warrant further investigations; and transfrontanelle ultrasound is a reliable and cheap way to evaluate the usefulness of ultrasonography in diagnosing the complications of infantile meningitis. This is a retrospective study of the transfrontanelle ultrasound findings in 40 infants presenting with clinical indicators of complicated acute bacterial meningitis. There were 20 boys and 20 girls aged 5-115 days (mean, 42.6+/-30.1 days). The complications of meningitis detectable on ultrasound were: hydrocephalus (21[52.5%]); cerebral abscess (2[5%]); subdural empyema (2 [5%]); and ventriculitis (3[7.5%]). Twelve babies (30%) had no abnormal findings. Hydrocephalus is the most common complication of meningitis in our setting. Transfontanelle ultrasound proved to be very reliable in the initial diagnosis and follow-up of complicated meningitis.
Donald Nzeh; Olalekan Ibukun Oyinloye; Olugbenga Timothy Odebode; Halimat Akande; Kolawole Braimoh
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical doctor     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1758-1133     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop Doct     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-17     Completed Date:  2010-08-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1301706     Medline TA:  Trop Doct     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  178-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Kwara, Ilorin, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
African Continental Ancestry Group
Brain Abscess / complications,  ultrasonography
Diagnosis, Differential
Empyema, Subdural / complications,  ultrasonography
Hospitals, University
Hydrocephalus / complications,  ultrasonography*
Infant, Newborn
Meningitis, Bacterial / complications,  ultrasonography*
Retrospective Studies

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