Document Detail


Ultrasound energy improves myocardial perfusion in the presence of coronary occlusion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15464327     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated whether ultrasound improves myocardial tissue perfusion in 14 animals with coronary artery occlusion. BACKGROUND: A recent study demonstrated that low-frequency ultrasound improves tissue perfusion in the rabbit ischemic limb, but there are no data on ultrasound enhancement of myocardial perfusion. METHODS: Fourteen animals (9 dogs, 5 pigs) underwent thoracotomy and occlusion of a diagonal branch of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Myocardial tissue perfusion units (TPUs) and pH were measured before coronary occlusion, after occlusion, and after direct exposure of the ischemic myocardium in the presence of fixed occlusion to low-frequency ultrasound (27 kHz). RESULTS: The TPU decreased from 100.9 +/- 13 at baseline to 71.1 +/- 13 (p < 0.01) after 60 min occlusion but rose by 19.7% to 85.1 +/- 8 (p < 0.01) after ultrasound exposure for 60 min. After 60-min coronary occlusion, myocardial pH fell from 7.43 +/- 14 to 7.05 +/- 0.15 (p < 0.01) but then improved to normal (7.46 +/- 0.32) after ultrasound for 60 min. Administration of L-Nomega-nitro-arginine methyl esther (L-NAME), an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, before ultrasound exposure, blocked improvement in myocardial tissue perfusion and pH by ultrasound. Quantitative histomorphology showed a significant increase in the capillary area of myocardium exposed to ultrasound versus non-exposed myocardium (16.2 +/- 7.9 vs. 8.2 +/- 2.1, p < 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Low-frequency, low-intensity ultrasound improves myocardial tissue perfusion and pH in the presence of a fixed coronary artery occlusion.
Authors:
Robert J Siegel; Valentina N Suchkova; Takashi Miyamoto; Huai Luo; Raymond B Baggs; Yoram Neuman; Michael Horzewski; Veijo Suorsa; Sergio Kobal; Todd Thompson; Debra Echt; Charles W Francis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-06     Completed Date:  2004-10-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1454-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90048, USA. siegel@cshs.org <siegel@cshs.org>
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Constriction, Pathologic
Coronary Vessels / pathology*
Dogs
Enzyme Inhibitors / adverse effects
Myocardial Ischemia / etiology,  pathology*,  ultrasonography*
NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester / adverse effects
Nitric Oxide Synthase / antagonists & inhibitors
Swine
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Enzyme Inhibitors; 50903-99-6/NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester; EC 1.14.13.39/Nitric Oxide Synthase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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