Document Detail

Ultrasound-clinical correlations in the assessment of the newborn at risk for brain damage.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3531085     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In the Pavia Neonatal Intensive Care Unit all newborns at risk for brain damage have, since 1983, undergone transfontanellar ultrasound scanning regularly for the early diagnosis of hemorrhage and/or anoxia-ischemia. They have also been assessed clinically by a child neuropsychiatrist during the hospital stay and every two months at outpatients' for the first year of life as a check on the prognostic value of ultrasound scanning. The results relating to a sample of 56 at risk newborns, with normal and abnormal ultrasound scans, who have now reached 12 months corrected age are reported. A normal ultrasound scan presupposes normal neuropsychic development in 87% of cases, as happens in the event of uncomplicated hemorrhage. Major sequelae occur in as many as 83% of cases of complicated hemorrhage. The diagnosis of severe anoxia-ischemia likewise argues for a pathological neuropsychic development. Our results convince us that transfontanellar ultrasound scanning is an indispensable tool not only for the early diagnosis of brain damage but also as a guide to prognosis in the newborn at risk.
A Ometto; E Fazzi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Italian journal of neurological sciences     Volume:  Suppl 5     ISSN:  0392-0461     ISO Abbreviation:  Ital J Neurol Sci     Publication Date:  1986 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-11-03     Completed Date:  1986-11-03     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006502     Medline TA:  Ital J Neurol Sci     Country:  ITALY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  79-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Brain Damage, Chronic / diagnosis*
Brain Ischemia / diagnosis
Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnosis
Cerebral Ventricles
Hydrocephalus / diagnosis
Hypoxia, Brain / diagnosis
Infant, Newborn

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