Document Detail

Ultrasonographic identification and measurement of the human fetal adrenal gland in utero: clinical application.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3277902     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The size of the fetal adrenal gland was determined using ultrasonography in 346 fetuses with no complications at 28-40 weeks of gestation and in 12 fetuses of abnormal pregnancies (8 intrauterine growth retardations, 2 anencephalies, 1 intrauterine fetal death and 1 fetus of a mother who had been on steroids for treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus). The fetal adrenal gland area (FAGA), circumference (FAGC) and length (FAGL) were calculated. In 12 abnormal fetuses, FAGA values always fell below the mean +/- 2 SD. Deviations from the normal values were seen in 9 out of 12 cases (75%) in FAGC and in 4 out of 12 cases (33.3%) in FAGL. Of these pregnancies, 4 (33.3%) resulted in intrauterine fetal or neonatal death, and 2 neonates (16.6%) had to be admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. Measurement of the fetal adrenal gland, especially of the FAGA, should be a pertinent diagnostic tool for perinatologists to manage and control high-risk pregnancies.
K Hata; T Hata; M Kitao
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gynecologic and obstetric investigation     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0378-7346     ISO Abbreviation:  Gynecol. Obstet. Invest.     Publication Date:  1988  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-03-25     Completed Date:  1988-03-25     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7900587     Medline TA:  Gynecol Obstet Invest     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  16-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shimane Medical University, Izumo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Adrenal Glands / embryology*,  pathology
Congenital Abnormalities / diagnosis*
Fetal Growth Retardation / diagnosis*
Fetus / anatomy & histology
Prenatal Diagnosis

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