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Ultrasonographic assessment of early pregnancy diagnosis, fetometry and sex determination in goats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19535206     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study was conducted to use B-mode trans-rectal (TR) and trans-abdominal (TA) ultrasonography to determine early pregnancy and fetometry as crown-rump-length (CRL) and bi-parietal-diameter (BPD). A total of 110 does aged between 8 and 36 months were used. The accuracy for detecting early pregnancy (fetal fluids and heartbeats) and fetal number (single or twins) was measured. The relationship between gestation age and CRL or BPD was determined from day 40 to 109 of gestation. The accuracy of fetal sexing was determined by differentiation of genital tubercle (GT) at different stages of gestation (from day 40 to 109 of gestation). The examination revealed 95.5% of examined does were pregnant, with accuracy 100% in detecting pregnancy for positive cases. The fetal number was 45.7% and 54.3% for single and twins+triplets, respectively. The TR probe enabled the reliable and earlier recognition of fetal fluid and heartbeats (indicating pregnancy) than TA probe. For maximum reliability, the TR observation of heartbeats is recommended as conclusive evidence of the presence of a live fetus. The TA convex probe was used from day 40 to 89 for measuring CRL and from day 40 to 109 for measuring the BPD. Gestation equations were: CRL=0.464x-17.767 and BPD=0.055x-1.431 (x=gestational age in days). The relation between gestational age and CRL or BPD was highly (p<0.0001) significant. The fetal sexing was found in 100, 83.3 and 64.3% of single pregnancies and in 85.7, 80 and 52.3% of twins+triplets pregnancies during 40-60 days, 61-70 days and 71-109 days of gestation, respectively. The accuracy of sex identification among the 3 groups was not significantly (p>0.05) higher in single than twins+triplets pregnancies. However, identification of GT in male fetus was possible from day 40 onward. From a total of 105 scanned does, 80 (76.25) were sexed. In conclusion, B-mode real-time ultrasonography is recommended as a reliable mean for early detection of gestation as early as 19-27 days after mating, for CRL or BPD measuring as well as fetal sex determination from day 40 of gestation onwards under field conditions.
Authors:
Hussein A Amer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-05-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Animal reproduction science     Volume:  117     ISSN:  1873-2232     ISO Abbreviation:  Anim. Reprod. Sci.     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7807205     Medline TA:  Anim Reprod Sci     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  226-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Theriogenology, Zagazig University, Egypt. samarmed84@yahoo.com
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