Document Detail


Ultrasonographic anatomy of the coelomic organs of boid snakes (Boa constrictor imperator, Python regius, Python molurus molurus, and Python curtus).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22533394     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective-To determine the ultrasonographic features of the coelomic organs of healthy snakes belonging to the Boidae and Pythonidae families. Animals-16 ball pythons (Python regius; 7 males, 8 females, and 1 sexually immature), 10 Indian rock pythons (Python molurus molurus; 5 males, 4 females, and 1 sexually immature), 12 Python curtus (5 males and 7 females), and 8 boa constrictors (Boa constrictor imperator; 4 males and 4 females). Procedures-All snakes underwent complete ultrasonographic evaluation of the coelomic cavity; chemical restraint was not necessary. A dorsolateral approach to probe placement was chosen to increase image quality and to avoid injury to the snakes and operators. Qualitative and quantitative observations were recorded. Results-The liver, stomach, gallbladder, pancreas, small and large intestines, kidneys, cloaca, and scent glands were identified in all snakes. The hemipenes were identified in 10 of the 21 (48%) male snakes. The spleen was identified in 5 of the 46 (11%) snakes, and ureters were identified in 6 (13%). In 2 sexually immature snakes, the gonads were not visible. One (2%) snake was gravid, and 7 (15%) had small amounts of free fluid in the coelomic cavity. A significant positive correlation was identified between several measurements (diameter and thickness of scent glands, gastric and pyloric walls, and colonic wall) and body length (snout to vent) and body weight. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-The study findings can be used as an atlas of the ultrasonographic anatomy of the coelomic cavity in healthy boid snakes. Ultrasonography was reasonably fast to perform and was well tolerated in conscious snakes.
Authors:
Tommaso Banzato; Elisa Russo; Luca Finotti; Maria C Milan; Matteo Gianesella; Alessandro Zotti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of veterinary research     Volume:  73     ISSN:  1943-5681     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375011     Medline TA:  Am J Vet Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  634-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Radiology Unit, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Padua, Agripolis - 35020 Legnaro, Padua, Italy.
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