Document Detail

Ultrasonically assisted evaluation of the impact of atherosclerotic plaque on the pulse pressure wave propagation: A clinical feasibility study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22225594     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The purpose of this work was to evaluate ultrasound modality as a non-invasive tool for determination of impact of the degree of the atherosclerotic plaque located in human internal carotid arteries on the values of the parameters of the pulse wave. Specifically, the applicability of the method to such arteries as brachial, common, and internal carotid was examined. The method developed is based on analysis of two characteristic parameters: the value of the mean reflection coefficient modulus |Γ|(a) of the blood pressure wave and time delay Δt between the forward (travelling) and backward (reflected) blood pressure waves. The blood pressure wave was determined from ultrasound measurements of the artery's inner (internal) diameter, using the custom made wall tracking system (WTS) operating at 6.75MHz. Clinical data were obtained from the carotid arteries measurements of 70 human subjects. These included the control group of 30 healthy individuals along with the patients diagnosed with the stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA) ranging from 20% to 99% or with the ICA occlusion. The results indicate that with increasing level of stenosis of the ICA the value of the mean reflection coefficient measured in the common carotid artery, significantly increases from |Γ|(a)=0.45 for healthy individuals to |Γ|(a)=0.61 for patients with stenosis level of 90-99%, or ICA occlusion. Similarly, the time delay Δt decreases from 52ms to 25ms for the respective groups. The method described holds promise that it might be clinically useful as a non-invasive tool for localization of distal severe artery narrowing, which can assist in identifying early stages of atherosclerosis especially in regions, which are inaccessible for the ultrasound probe (e.g. carotid sinus or middle cerebral artery).
Z Trawiński; L Hilgertner; P A Lewin; A Nowicki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultrasonics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1874-9968     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0050452     Medline TA:  Ultrasonics     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Department of Ultrasound, Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, 5B Adolfa Pawińskiego Str., 02-106 Warsaw, Poland.
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