Document Detail


UXO victims and health status of populations living in Xiengkhuang Province, Lao PDR: A household-based survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20103913     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
During the Vietnam War from 1964 to 1973, over 2 million tons of bombs were dropped on Laos. Approximately 30% of the bombs did not explode and have posed a continued threat to civilians throughout the country. Approximately 200 casualties per year have been reported nationwide. Therefore, we conducted a household survey to better understand magnitude of UXO victims, accessibility to the MCH services and child healthcare seeking behaviors of the population in the Xiengkhuang province. The household-based survey was carried out in February 2006 among 6 of 541 villages. 283 household representatives were interviewed. The cumulative number of UXO victims identified from 1973 to 2005 was 45 casualties, of which 9 (20.0%) occurred in the year 2005. 37.5% reported knowledge of danger zones for UXO contamination. Among the 91 children under the age of 5 years, households on average reported 1.7 episodes per year for diarrhea, 2.7 for respiratory disease, 2.3 for fever and 1.7 for measles. 69.4% of children under five were completed the routine immunization program, 62.6% of mothers used ANC service for their most recent pregnancy, 58.2% accessed family planning services, and 28.6% delivered their most recent child at a healthcare facility. UXO victims in the targeted villages sharply increased in 2005. Insufficient knowledge about UXO danger and MRE seems to be a central factor in the high rate of UXO-associated accidents. Diarrhea, respiratory disease and measles remained health problems for children under 5 years. MCH services utilization were higher than Laos nationally.
Authors:
Outavong Phathammavong; Nao Boutta; Panome Xayamoungkhoun; Chushi Kuroiwa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioscience trends     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1881-7823     ISO Abbreviation:  Biosci Trends     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-27     Completed Date:  2010-05-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101502754     Medline TA:  Biosci Trends     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  112-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Health Policy and Planning, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyoku, Tokyo, Japan. outavong@m.u-tokyo.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Female
Health Status
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Laos / epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Rural Health
Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*

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