Document Detail


US regulatory system for genetically modified [genetically modified organism (GMO), rDNA or transgenic] crop cultivars.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17956539     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper reviews the history of the federal regulatory oversight of plant agricultural biotechnology in the USA, focusing on the scientific and political forces moulding the continually evolving regulatory structure in place today. Unlike most other jurisdictions, the USA decided to adapt pre-existing legislation to encompass products of biotechnology. In so doing, it established an overarching committee (Office of Science and Technology Policy) to study and distribute various regulatory responsibilities amongst relevant agencies: the Food and Drug Administration, Environmental Protection Agency and US Department of Agriculture. This paper reviews the history and procedures of each agency in the execution of its regulatory duties and investigates the advantages and disadvantages of the US regulatory strategy.
Authors:
Alan McHughen; Stuart Smyth
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article; Review     Date:  2007-10-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant biotechnology journal     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1467-7652     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Biotechnol. J.     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-14     Completed Date:  2008-02-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101201889     Medline TA:  Plant Biotechnol J     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521-0124, USA. alanmc@ucr.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture / legislation & jurisprudence*
Biotechnology / legislation & jurisprudence*
Government Regulation / history*
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
Plants, Genetically Modified*
United States
United States Department of Agriculture / history
United States Environmental Protection Agency / history
United States Food and Drug Administration / history

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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