Document Detail


U.S. Food safety and Inspection Service testing for Salmonella in selected raw meat and poultry products in the United States, 1998 through 2003: an establishment-level analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17133802     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The U.S. Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) pathogen reduction-hazard analysis critical control point systems final rule, published in 1996, established Salmonella performance standards for broiler chicken, cow and bull, market hog, and steer and heifer carcasses and for ground beef, chicken, and turkey meat. In 1998, the FSIS began testing to verify that establishments are meeting performance standards. Samples are collected in sets in which the number of samples is defined but varies according to product class. A sample set fails when the number of positive Salmonella samples exceeds the maximum number of positive samples allowed under the performance standard. Salmonella sample sets collected at 1,584 establishments from 1998 through 2003 were examined to identify factors associated with failure of one or more sets. Overall, 1,282 (80.9%) of establishments never had failed sets. In establishments that did experience set failure(s), generally the failed sets were collected early in the establishment testing history, with the exception of broiler establishments where failure(s) occurred both early and late in the course of testing. Small establishments were more likely to have experienced a set failure than were large or very small establishments, and broiler establishments were more likely to have failed than were ground beef, market hog, or steer-heifer establishments. Agency response to failed Salmonella sample sets in the form of in-depth verification reviews and related establishment-initiated corrective actions have likely contributed to declines in the number of establishments that failed sets. A focus on food safety measures in small establishments and broiler processing establishments should further reduce the number of sample sets that fail to meet the Salmonella performance standard.
Authors:
Denise R Eblen; Kristina E Barlow; Alecia Larew Naugle
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-30     Completed Date:  2006-12-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2600-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Office of Public Health Science, Food Safety and Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC 20250-3700, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cattle
Chickens
Consumer Product Safety*
Female
Food Contamination* / analysis,  prevention & control
Food Inspection / standards*
Food Microbiology
Humans
Male
Meat Products / microbiology*
Poultry Products / microbiology*
Proportional Hazards Models
Salmonella / isolation & purification*
Salmonella Infections, Animal / epidemiology,  microbiology
Swine
Turkeys
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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