Document Detail

U.S. Food Safety and Inspection Service testing for Salmonella in selected raw meat and poultry products in the United States, 1998 through 2003: analysis of set results.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17133803     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The U.S. Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) tests sets of samples of selected raw meat and poultry products for Salmonella to ensure that federally inspected establishments meet performance standards defined in the pathogen reduction-hazard analysis and critical control point system (PR-HACCP) final rule. In the present report, sample set results are described and associations between set failure and set and establishment characteristics are identified for 4,607 sample sets collected from 1998 through 2003. Sample sets were obtained from seven product classes: broiler chicken carcasses (n = 1,010), cow and bull carcasses (n = 240), market hog carcasses (n = 560), steer and heifer carcasses (n = 123), ground beef (n = 2,527), ground chicken (n = 31), and ground turkey (n = 116). Of these 4,607 sample sets, 92% (4,255) were collected as part of random testing efforts (A sets), and 93% (4,166) passed. However, the percentage of positive samples relative to the maximum number of positive results allowable in a set increased over time for broilers but decreased or stayed the same for the other product classes. Three factors associated with set failure were identified: establishment size, product class, and year. Set failures were more likely early in the testing program (relative to 2003). Small and very small establishments were more likely to fail than large ones. Set failure was less likely in ground beef than in other product classes. Despite an overall decline in set failures through 2003, these results highlight the need for continued vigilance to reduce Salmonella contamination in broiler chicken and continued implementation of programs designed to assist small and very small establishments with PR-HACCP compliance issues.
Alecia Larew Naugle; Kristina E Barlow; Denise R Eblen; Vanessa Teter; Robert Umholtz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-30     Completed Date:  2006-12-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2607-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Office of Public Health Science, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC 20250, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cattle / microbiology
Chickens / microbiology
Consumer Product Safety
Food Contamination* / analysis,  prevention & control
Food Inspection / standards*
Food Microbiology
Food-Processing Industry / standards*
Meat / microbiology*
Meat Products / microbiology
Poultry / microbiology*
Poultry Products / microbiology
Proportional Hazards Models
Salmonella / isolation & purification*
Swine / microbiology
Turkeys / microbiology
United States

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