Document Detail


Typical breakfast food consumption and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in a large sample of Italian adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21093229     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The overall consumption of foods most frequently consumed in a typical Italian breakfast might be associated with a better cardiovascular risk profile in Italian adults.
METHOD SAND RESULTS: 18,177 subjects (53,2% women), aged ≥ 35 yrs, randomly selected from the Moli-sani Project population were studied. The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) FFQ was used for dietary assessment. To derive breakfast pattern, an "a priori" approach was used: firstly, foods typical of the Italian breakfast were selected: milk, coffee, tea, yogurt, crispbread/rusks, breakfast cereals, brioche, biscuits, honey, sugar and jam. The breakfast score was obtained adding the amounts of all selected foods, expressed in grams/day, previously standardized to mean zero and standard deviation 1. Subjects showing a higher breakfast score appeared to be younger, more frequently women or smokers, with higher social status but less likely practicing physical activity. After multivariable analyses, subjects with a higher breakfast food consumption had a lower risk to have high body mass index, abdominal obesity, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, blood glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol (P < 0.0001 for all) and C Reactive Protein (P = 0.022). The associations were unrelated to age, sex, smoking, obesity, physical activity and social status. Subjects with a higher food breakfast score also showed a better physical healthy status score, a lower risk of metabolic syndrome (OR = 0.63; 0.55-0.72 95% CI) and of future CVD (P < 0.0001 for both women and men).
CONCLUSION: Consumption of typical Italian breakfast foods positively affects CVD risk profile in an adult Italian population.
Authors:
R di Giuseppe; A Di Castelnuovo; C Melegari; F De Lucia; I Santimone; A Sciarretta; P Barisciano; M Persichillo; A De Curtis; F Zito; V Krogh; M B Donati; G de Gaetano; L Iacoviello;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1590-3729     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-19     Completed Date:  2012-07-23     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9111474     Medline TA:  Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  347-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Genetic and Environmental Epidemiology, Research Laboratories, John Paul II Centre for High Technology Research and Education in Biomedical Sciences, Catholic University, Largo Gemelli 1, 86100 Campobasso, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Body Mass Index
Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
Diet*
Exercise
Female
Humans
Italy
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Risk Factors
Investigator
Investigator/Affiliation:
Licia Iacoviello / ; Maria Benedetta Donati / ; Giovanni de Gaetan / ; Simona Giampaoli / ; Jos Vermylen / ; Ignacio De Paula Carrasco / ; Deodato Assanelli / ; Francesco Alessandrini / ; Vincenzo Centritt / ; Paola Muti / ; Holger Shunemann / ; Pasquale Spagnuolo / ; Dante Staniscia / ; Sergio Stort / ; Francesco Zito / ; Americo Bonanni / ; Chiara Cerletti / ; Amalia De Curtis / ; Augusto Di Castelnuovo / ; Licia Iacoviello / ; Antonio Masciol / ; Marco Olivieri / ; Augusto Di Castelnuovo / ; Antonella Arcari / ; Simona Costanzo / ; Romina di Giuseppe / ; Francesco Gianfagna / ; Floriana Centritto / ; Marco Olivieri / ; Maurizio Giacci / ; Dario Petraroia / ; Antonella Padulo / ; Amalia De Curtis / ; Sara Magnacca / ; Maria Spinelli / ; Christian Silvestri / ; Cristina Vallese / ; Federico Marracino / ; Daniela Cugino / ; Iolanda Santimone / ; Gianni Quacquaruccio / ; Monica de Gaetano / ; Maria Carmela Latella / ; Mirella Graziano / ; Americo Bonanni / ; Maria-laura Bonaccio / ; Francesca De Lucia / ; Branislav Vohnout / ; Francesco Gianfagna / ; Antonella Cutrone / ; Andrea Havranova / ; Franco Zito / ; Mariarosaria Persichillo / ; Angelita Verna / ; Maura Di Lillo / ; Irene Di Stefano / ; Agostino Pannichella / ; Antonio Rinaldo Vizzarri / ; Branislav Vohnout / ; Agnieszka Pampuch / ; Antonella Arcari / ; Daniela Barbato / ; Francesca Bracone / ; Simona Costanzo / ; Carmine Di Giorgio / ; Sara Magnacca / ; Simona Panebianco / ; Antonello Chiovitti / ; Federico Marracino / ; Sergio Caccamo / ; Vanesa Caruso / ; Livia Rago / ; Daniela Cugino / ; Francesco Zito / ; Alessandra Ferri / ; Concetta Castaldi / ; Marcella Mignogna / ; Tomasz Guszcz / ; Romina di Giuseppe / ; Paola Barisciano / ; Lorena Buonaccorsi / ; Floriana Centritto / ; Francesca De Lucia / ; Francesca Fanelli / ; Iolanda Santimone / ; Anna Sciarretta / ; Maura Di Lillo / ; Isabella Sorella / ; Irene Di Stefano / ; Emanuela Plescia / ; Alessandra Molinaro / ; Christiana Cavone / ; Giovanna Galuppo / ; Maura Di Lillo / ; Concetta Castaldi / ; Dolores D'Angelo / ; Rosanna Ramacciato /

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