Document Detail

Type A behavior and the ten year incidence of coronary heart disease in the Framingham Heart Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7183081     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study explored the association between Type A behavior, as measured by a short questionnaire on time urgency and competitiveness, and the development of coronary heart disease (CHD). An assessment of Type A behavior in 750 women and 580 men, aged 45-64 years, participating in the Framingham Heart Study, took place between 1965 and 1969. Type A behavior was associated with a two-fold risk of developing CHD over the ensuing 10 years. Among all women, the relative risk (RR) was 2.0 with confidence limits = 1.2 to 3.3. Among housewives, CHD incidence rates were 2.5 times greater among Type A's compared to Type B's (p = 0.02). Type A working women were more than 1.5 times as likely to develop CHD as Type B's, although this was not significant at the 10 year follow-up. Among men employed in white-collar jobs, the RR was 2.4 with confidence limits = 1.1 to 5.7. Type A behavior was most strongly related to coronary diagnoses in which angina pectoris symptoms were present. Synergism between Type A behavior and other CHD risk factors is demonstrated. The findings suggest that assessment of Type A behavior can improve the prediction of incident coronary cases, independent of the standard coronary risk factors.
S G Haynes; M Feinleib; E D Eaker
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Activitas nervosa superior     Volume:  Suppl 3     ISSN:  0001-7604     ISO Abbreviation:  Act Nerv Super (Praha)     Publication Date:  1982  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-07-08     Completed Date:  1983-07-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400662     Medline TA:  Act Nerv Super (Praha)     Country:  CZECHOSLOVAKIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  57-77     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Coronary Disease / epidemiology,  psychology*
Death, Sudden
Heart Failure / psychology
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / psychology
Personality Inventory

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