Document Detail

Type D personality is related to cardiovascular and neuroendocrine reactivity to acute stress.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12932797     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between Type D personality (the joint tendency towards negative affectivity [NA] and social inhibition [SI]) and laboratory indices of cardiovascular health was examined. METHOD: 173 undergraduates (86 male) completed a stress protocol involving a mental arithmetic task with harassment. Blood pressure, heart rate (HR), and salivary cortisol were measured both prior to and during the task. RESULTS: The relationships between personality and both resting and reactivity levels were examined. Results indicated that socially inhibited men demonstrated heightened blood pressure reactivity. NA was related to dampened HR change during the stress task in men. Correlational analyses indicated that both Type D dimensions were associated with greater cortisol reactivity to stress; however, results no longer remained significant in more stringent regression analyses. CONCLUSION: Findings are consistent with the noted relationship between Type D and cardiovascular disease (CVD), and suggest a possible pathway to disease via an association with physiological hyperreactivity.
Martine E Habra; Wolfgang Linden; Jeremy C Anderson; Joanne Weinberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of psychosomatic research     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0022-3999     ISO Abbreviation:  J Psychosom Res     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-22     Completed Date:  2004-01-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376333     Medline TA:  J Psychosom Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  235-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, V6T 1Z4, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure*
Heart Rate*
Hydrocortisone / analysis
Saliva / chemistry
Sex Factors
Stress, Psychological*
Task Performance and Analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
Comment In:
J Psychosom Res. 2004 Aug;57(2):117-8   [PMID:  15465063 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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