Document Detail

Tympanometric measures in ears with negative middle ear pressure, and tests of some common assumptions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23343243     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To test the assumptions concerning the compensation of middle ear pressure (MEP) in using peak Y(tm) and the tympanogram asymmetry phenomenon, and to address the variability and reliability of 226 Hz tympanometry under negative MEP.
DESIGN: (1) Repeated measures in normal ears with experimentally-induced negative MEP; (2) Retrospective analysis of clinical data from ears with negative MEP.
STUDY SAMPLE: Experimental data: 57 adult ears.
CLINICAL DATA: 200 adult ears.
RESULTS: Mean peak Y(tm) significantly increased (˜ 0.10 mmhos) under negative MEPs (> - 190 daPa). TW increased, up to ˜50 daPa, for MEP ≤ - 130 daPa. V(ea) decreased when MEP ≤ - 190 daPa. With increasing negative MEP, peak Y(tm) and tympanogram gradient tended to decrease. The within-subject variation of all measures and difference between normal and negative MEP were small.
CONCLUSIONS: The tympanometry procedure increases peak Y(tm )in ears with low to moderate negative MEP, and decreases gradient and V(ea) with high negative MEP. This is referred to as hypercorrection of the admittance and should be accounted for in clinical norms. Results imply that tympanogram asymmetry is due to divergent effects of air pressure on the middle ear. The variability of tympanometry does not increase and reliability not decrease under negative MEP.
Xiao-Ming Sun; Mark D Shaver; Jason Harader
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-01-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of audiology     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1708-8186     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Audiol     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-10     Completed Date:  2013-10-17     Revised Date:  2014-07-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101140017     Medline TA:  Int J Audiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  333-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Acoustic Impedance Tests*
Aged, 80 and over
Air Pressure
Ear, Middle / physiology*
Middle Aged
Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous
Predictive Value of Tests
Reproducibility of Results
Retrospective Studies
Young Adult

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