Document Detail

Two-wheel vehicular trauma: an age-based analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23025942     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
We retrospectively reviewed a series of 516 patients with motorcycle (n = 353) and bicycle (n = 162) injuries; 384 patients (74%) were younger than age 50 years and 132 (26%) were older. No significant differences by age group were seen in gender, helmet use, substance use, complications, or mortality. Older patients had more severe (Injury Severity Score [ISS] greater than 15) injuries (35 vs 18%; P < 0.001), longer intensive care unit stay (1.8 vs 0.9 days; P = 0.03), and more frequent discharge to subacute facilities (27 vs 10%; P < 0.001). When analyzed by vehicle type, fewer older bicyclists used helmets (63 vs 99%; P < 0.001) and more sustained severe head injuries (42 vs 16%; P = 0.002) and critical (ISS greater than 25) overall injuries (19 vs 6%; P = 0.033). Among older patients, independent predictors of mortality included emergent intubation (P < 0.001), critical injury (P = 0.006), severe head/neck injury (P = 0.027), tachycardia at presentation (P = 0.014), and female gender (P = 0.026). We conclude that motorcycle and bicycle accidents cause major injuries in older patients with substantial use of hospital and posthospital resources. Older bicyclists are vulnerable to head injury and to greater functional decline. Helmet use among older bicyclists should be a direct target for a public health campaign.
Justin Wagner; Ajit Rai; Felipe Ituarte; Areti Tillou; Henry Cryer; Jonathan R Hiatt
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American surgeon     Volume:  78     ISSN:  1555-9823     ISO Abbreviation:  Am Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370522     Medline TA:  Am Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1066-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA.
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