Document Detail

Two studies examining the negative effect of self-efficacy on performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12090608     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Although hundreds of studies have found a positive relationship between self-efficacy and performance, several studies have found a negative relationship when the analysis is done across time (repeated measures) rather than across individuals. W. T. Powers (1991) predicted this negative relationship based on perceptual control theory. Here, 2 studies are presented to (a) confirm the causal role of self-efficacy and (b) substantiate the explanation. In Study 1, self-efficacy was manipulated for 43 of 87 undergraduates on an analytic game. The manipulation was negatively related to performance on the next trial. In Study 2, 104 undergraduates played the analytic game and reported self-efficacy between each game and confidence in the degree to which they had assessed previous feedback. As expected, self-efficacy led to overconfidence and hence increased the likelihood of committing logic errors during the game.
Jeffrey B Vancouver; Charles M Thompson; E Casey Tischner; Dan J Putka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of applied psychology     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0021-9010     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Psychol     Publication Date:  2002 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-07-01     Completed Date:  2002-07-31     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0222526     Medline TA:  J Appl Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  506-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Ohio University, Athens 45701, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Models, Statistical*
Random Allocation
Self Efficacy*
Workplace / psychology*
Comment In:
J Appl Psychol. 2003 Feb;88(1):87-99   [PMID:  12675397 ]

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