Document Detail


Two-photon polymerization-generated and micromolding-replicated 3D scaffolds for peripheral neural tissue engineering applications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22522957     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this study, we explore the production of well-defined macroscopic scaffolds with two-photon polymerization (2PP) and their use as neural tissue engineering scaffolds. We also demonstrate that these 3D scaffolds can be replicated via soft lithography, which increases production efficiency. Photopolymerizable polylactic acid (PLA) was used to produce scaffolds by 2PP and soft lithography. We assessed the biocompatibility of these scaffolds using an SH-SY5Y human neuronal cell line and primary cultured rat Schwann cells (of direct relevance to the repair of nerve injuries). A Comet assay with SH-SY5Y human neuronal cells revealed minimal DNA damage after washing the photocured material for 7 days in ethanol. Additionally, thin films and 3D scaffolds of the photocured PLA sustained a high degree of Schwann cell purity (99%), enabled proliferation over 7 days and provided a suitable substrate for supporting Schwann cell adhesion such that bi-polar and tri-polar morphologies were observed. Evidence of orthogonally aligned and organized actin thin filaments and the formation of focal contacts were observed for the majority of Schwann cells. In summary, this work supports the use of PLA as a suitable material for supporting Schwann cell growth and in turn use of 3D soft lithography for the synthesis of neural scaffolds in nerve repair.
Authors:
A Koroleva; A A Gill; I Ortega; J W Haycock; S Schlie; S D Gittard; B N Chichkov; F Claeyssens
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biofabrication     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1758-5090     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101521964     Medline TA:  Biofabrication     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  025005     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Laser Zentrum Hannover eV, Hollerithallee 8, Hannover D-30419, Germany.
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