Document Detail

Two for one: Cyclic AMP mediates the anti-inflammatory and anti-spasmodic properties of the non-anesthetic lidocaine analog JMF2-1.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22329902     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Inhalation of JMF2-1, an analog of lidocaine with reduced anesthetic activity, prevents airway contraction and lung inflammation in experimental asthma models. We sought to test if the JMF2-1 effects are a consequence of increased intracellular cAMP levels in asthma cell targets, such as smooth muscle cells and T cells. Functional effect of JMF2-1 on carbachol-induced contraction of intact or epithelial-denuded rat trachea was assessed in conventional organ baths. cAMP was quantified by radioimmunoassay in cultured guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle cells, as well as lymph node cells from BALB/c mice, exposed to JMF2-1. We found that JMF2-1 (0.1-1mM) concentration-dependently inhibited epithelium-intact tracheal ring contraction induced by carbachol challenge. The antispasmodic effect remained unaltered following epithelium removal or pretreatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (100μM), but it was clearly sensitive to 9-(tetrahydro-2-furyl) adenine (SQ22,536, 100μM), an adenylate cyclase inhibitor. JMF2-1 (300 and 600μM) also dose-dependently increased cAMP intracellular levels of both cultured airway smooth muscle cells and T lymphocytes. This effect was consistently abrogated by SQ22,536 and reproduced by forskolin in both systems. JMF2-1 induced apoptosis of anti-CD3 activated T cells in a mechanism sensitive to zIETD, indicating that JMF2-1 mediates caspase-8-dependent apoptosis. Furthermore, forskolin also inhibited anti-CD3 induced T cell proliferation and survival. Our results suggest that JMF2-1 inhibits respiratory smooth muscle contraction as well as T cell proliferation and survival through enhancement of intracellular cAMP levels. These findings may help to explain the anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic effects of JMF2-1 observed in previous studies.
Priscilla C Olsen; Luciana P Coelho; Jorge C S da Costa; Renato S B Cordeiro; Patricia M R Silva; Marco A Martins
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of pharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0712     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254354     Medline TA:  Eur J Pharmacol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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