Document Detail


Two-hundredfold volume concentration of dilute cell and particle suspensions using chip integrated multistage acoustophoresis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22918416     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Concentrating cells is a frequently performed step in cell biological assays and medical diagnostics. The commonly used centrifuge exhibits limitations when dealing with rare cell events and small sample volumes. Here, we present an acoustophoresis microfluidic chip utilising ultrasound to concentrate particles and cells into a smaller volume. The method is label-free, continuous and independent of suspending fluid, allowing for low cost and minimal preparation of the samples. Sequential concentration regions and two-dimensional acoustic standing wave focusing of cells and particles were found critical to accomplish concentration factors beyond one hundred times. Microparticles (5 μm in diameter) used to characterize the system were concentrated up to 194.2 ± 9.6 times with a recovery of 97.1 ± 4.8%. Red blood cells and prostate cancer cells were concentrated 145.0 ± 5.0 times and 195.7 ± 36.2 times, respectively, with recoveries of 97.2 ± 3.3% and 97.9 ± 18.1%. The data demonstrate that acoustophoresis is an effective technique for continuous flow-based concentration of cells and particles, offering a much needed intermediate step between sorting and detection of rare cell samples in lab-on-a-chip systems.
Authors:
Maria Nordin; Thomas Laurell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lab on a chip     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-0189     ISO Abbreviation:  Lab Chip     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101128948     Medline TA:  Lab Chip     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Dept. Measurement Technology and Industrial Electrical Engineering, Div. Nanobiotechnology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. maria.nordin@elmat.lth.se.
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