Document Detail

Two faces of sympathetic nervous activity--hypotension and hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1562045     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The sympathetic nervous system may play a pivotal role in the development of primary (essential) hypertension, and is almost always involved in the increasingly common occurrence of postural hypotension. This report reviews the recent evidence for and against stress-induced activation of sympathetic activity leading to a hyperkinetic circulation as an initiating mechanism for most hypertension. Then, attention is directed to the role of altered sympathetic nervous system responsiveness in the development of postural hypotension. Finally, therapy for this syndrome is reviewed.
N M Kaplan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of the medical sciences     Volume:  303     ISSN:  0002-9629     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Med. Sci.     Publication Date:  1992 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-05-11     Completed Date:  1992-05-11     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370506     Medline TA:  Am J Med Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  271-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; S    
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas 75235-8899.
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MeSH Terms
Hypertension / etiology*,  therapy
Hypotension, Orthostatic / etiology*,  therapy
Pressoreceptors / physiology
Stress, Physiological / complications
Sympathetic Nervous System / physiology*

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