Document Detail

Two-dose epoetin alfa reduces blood transfusions compared with autologous donation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15232456     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study evaluated whether patients receiving a two-dose regime of epoetin alfa received less allogeneic blood than patients donating autologous blood before primary hip arthroplasty. Consenting patients with a hemoglobin level between 12 and 15 g/dL were randomly assigned to a two-dose administration of epoetin alfa (19 patients) or autologous donation (21 patients). Sixteen percent of the patients in the epoetin alfa group and 52% of the patients in the autologous donation group received transfusions, with a mean volume of 90 cc per patient in the epoetin alfa group and 340 cc in the autologous donation group. Hemoglobin was similar at screening; however, the epoetin alfa group achieved a higher hemoglobin (14.6 g/dL) than the autologous donation group (12.6 g/dL) before surgery. Hemoglobin remained significantly higher in the epoetin alfa group for 3 days after surgery. Administration of two doses of epoetin alfa provided patients with effective and safe reduction of allogeneic blood transfusions and decreased the necessity and difficulty of autologous donation before total hip arthroplasty.
Mary E Hardwick; Beverly M Morris; Clifford W Colwell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical orthopaedics and related research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0009-921X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.     Publication Date:  2004 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-02     Completed Date:  2004-08-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0075674     Medline TA:  Clin Orthop Relat Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  240-4     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, CA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip*
Blood Loss, Surgical
Blood Transfusion / statistics & numerical data*
Blood Transfusion, Autologous
Epoetin Alfa / administration & dosage*
Hematinics / administration & dosage*
Middle Aged
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hematinics; 113427-24-0/Epoetin Alfa

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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