Document Detail

Two dimensional echocardiography in mitral, aortic and tricuspid valve prolapse. The clinical problem, cardiac nuclear imaging considerations and a proposed standard for diagnosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7006361     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The mitral valve prolapse syndrome may present with a variety of clinical manifestations and has proved to be a common cause of nonspecific cardiac symptoms in clinical practice. Primary and secondary forms must be distinguished. Myxomatous degeneration appears to be the common denominator of the primary form. The diagnostic standard of this form has not previously been defined because the detection of mitral leaflet tissue in the left atrium (prolapse) on physical examination or angiography is nonspecific. M mode echocardiography has greatly enhanced the recognition of this syndrome but has not proved to be the best diagnostic standard because of its limited view of mitral valve motion. The advent of two dimensional echocardiography has provided the potential means for specific identification of the mitral leaflet motion in systole and can be considered the diagnostic standard for this syndrome. Primary myxomatous degeneration with leaflet prolapse is not localized to the mitral valve. Two dimensional echocardiography has detected in preliminary studies tricuspid valve prolapse in up to 50 percent and aortic valve prolapse in about 20 percent of patients with idiopathic mitral valve prolapse.
J Morganroth; R H Jones; C C Chen; M Naito
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1980 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1981-03-17     Completed Date:  1981-03-17     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1164-77     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Aortic Valve*
Heart / radionuclide imaging*
Heart Valve Diseases / diagnosis*,  radionuclide imaging
Mitral Valve Prolapse / diagnosis*,  drug therapy,  radionuclide imaging
Propranolol / therapeutic use
Tricuspid Valve*
Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency / diagnosis
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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