Document Detail


Two-dimensional echocardiographic analysis of proximal left main coronary artery in humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3776823     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The left main coronary artery (LMCA) was evaluated in 100 consecutive patients (88 men and 12 women; mean age 63 years) with anginal syndrome, all in New York Heart Association classes II and III. Each patient underwent two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) from the parasternal short-axis and apical four-chamber views. Coronary angiography was subsequently performed within 24 hours. The LMCA was directly measured by 2DE and coronary angiography at its widest point. Each echocardiogram was blindly evaluated for LMCA aneurysm or obstruction. Eight patients (8%) were excluded because of inadequate visualization of the LMCA. The mean 2DE measurement was 4.4 +/- 0.9 mm vs 4.2 +/- 0.8 mm on coronary angiography (r = 0.86). Atherosclerotic aneurysms of the LMCA were correctly diagnosed in two patients by 2DE. LMCA stenosis (greater than 50%) was found in 11 patients on coronary angiography; three of them had ostial or proximal lesions, three had middle lesions, and five had distal lesions. 2DE correctly diagnosed all three ostial lesions, two of three middle lesions, but only two of five distal lesions. In four patients, dense echoes in the LMCA caused a false positive diagnosis. It was concluded that: the LMCA can be visualized and correctly measured by 2DE; atherosclerotic aneurysms can be detected; and 2DE is yet unable to screen patients for LMCA lesions; however, 2DE is a promising method for evaluating proximal and especially ostial LMCA stenosis.
Authors:
Z Vered; M Katz; S Rath; Y Har-Zahav; A Battler; P Benjamin; H N Neufeld
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  112     ISSN:  0002-8703     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1986 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-12-01     Completed Date:  1986-12-01     Revised Date:  2006-02-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  972-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Coronary Aneurysm / diagnosis
Coronary Angiography
Coronary Disease / diagnosis*
Echocardiography / methods*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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