Document Detail


Two-dimensional cardiothoracic ratio for evaluation of cardiac size in German shepherd dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25438928     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cardiac size in normal German shepherd dogs (GSD) using the two-dimensional cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) and to use this measure for diagnosing GSD with altered cardiac size.
ANIMALS: One hundred clinically normal GSD as well as 46 GSD with altered cardiac size (microcardia or cardiomegaly).
METHODS: The CTR was computed as the percentage area of the cardiac silhouette relative to the area of the dog's thorax. Measurements were performed using a digital software program on lateral and ventro-dorsal radiographs at the points of peak inspiration and expiration. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the CTR for diagnosing cardiomegaly or microcardia.
RESULTS: The mean (±SD) CTR on lateral radiographs of normal dogs was 27.60% ± 1.10% and 30.13% ± 1.42% at the points of peak inspiration and expiration, respectively. For ventro-dorsal radiographs, mean CTR was 30.45% ± 1.39% at peak inspiration and 33.34% ± 1.46% at peak expiration. The cutoff value of the CTR for diagnosing microcardia on lateral radiographs was 22.98% (inspiration) and 25.06% (expiration), compared to 25.03% (inspiration) and 23.97% (expiration) on ventro-dorsal radiographs. Cutoff values for diagnosing cardiomegaly were 30.28% (inspiration) and 33.44% (expiration) on lateral radiographs and 36.80% (inspiration) and 37.99% (expiration) on ventro-dorsal radiographs.
CONCLUSIONS: CTR may provide a clinically useful tool for evaluating cardiac size in dogs.
Authors:
Faisal A Torad; Elham A Hassan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of veterinary cardiology : the official journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1875-0834     ISO Abbreviation:  J Vet Cardiol     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-3    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101163270     Medline TA:  J Vet Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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