Document Detail

Two different types of obsession: autogenous obsessions and reactive obsessions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12488117     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We propose that obsessions are categorized into two subtypes, i.e. autogenous obsessions and reactive obsessions, which are different in terms of identifiability of their evoking stimuli, subjective experiences, contents, and subsequent cognitive processes. Autogenous obsessions tend to come abruptly into consciousness without identifiable evoking stimuli, which are perceived as ego-dystonic and aversive enough to be repelled, and include sexual, aggressive, and immoral thoughts or impulses. On the other hand, reactive obsessions are evoked by identifiable external stimuli, which are perceived as relatively realistic and rational enough to do something toward the stimuli, and include thoughts about contamination, mistake, accident, asymmetry, loss, etc. Through three empirical studies, we confirmed the differences between the two types of obsessional intrusion in their frequency, subjective experiences, subsequent appraisal and control strategy. In particular, autogenous obsessions led to high appraisal on 'control over thought' and 'importance of thought' and frequent use of 'avoidant control strategies', while reactive obsessions linked with high appraisal on 'responsibility' and frequent use of 'confrontational control strategies'. These findings are expected to provide a basis for classifying and explaining the heterogeneous phenomena of obsessive-compulsive disorder.
H-J Lee; S-M Kwon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behaviour research and therapy     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0005-7967     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Res Ther     Publication Date:  2003 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-18     Completed Date:  2003-03-05     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372477     Medline TA:  Behav Res Ther     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-29     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Seoul National University, San 56-1, Sillim-Dong, Kwanak-Gu, Seoul 151 742, South Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Compulsive Behavior / diagnosis*,  psychology
Impulsive Behavior / diagnosis*,  psychology
Internal-External Control
Obsessive Behavior / diagnosis*,  psychology
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / diagnosis
Personality Inventory

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