Document Detail


Two cases of cystic fibrosis in Japanese children: studies on the essential fatty acid and prostaglandin metabolism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2516700     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We describe the fatty acid (FA) and prostaglandin (PG) metabolism in two Japanese cases of cystic fibrosis (CF) with or without pancreatic insufficiency (PI). The diagnosis of CF was based on the elevated sweat chloride concentration by pilocarpine iontophoresis. A 1-month-old boy (case 1) showed poor weight gain, steatorrhea and scaly dermatitis, but no respiratory symptoms were noted. He had decreased levels of serum linoleate and arachidonate, and increased palmitoleate and oleate levels, indicating essential fatty acid (EFA) deficiency. Supplementation of fat-emulsion improved his skin lesions and the altered FA pattern within a few months, associated with the definite reduction of the urinary PG F2 alpha levels. Until two years of age, he has been free from respiratory symptoms. A 12-year-old girl (case 2) had had recurrent respiratory tract infections due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus for several years, and her pancreatic functions were preserved. The FA patterns of her serum lipid were almost within the normal range. These results indicate that 1) the altered FA composition appeared to be a secondary consequence of PI commonly complicating CF and 2) the correction of the altered FA and PG metabolism might have a beneficial effect on the respiratory function of CF patients with EFA deficiency.
Authors:
N Igarashi; H Hashimoto; M Hiratani; M Taniguchi; Y Kasahara; T Sato; N Taniguchi; T Funabashi; N Okuda; Y Yamashiro
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica Japonica; Overseas edition     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0374-5600     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr Jpn     Publication Date:  1989 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-04-12     Completed Date:  1990-04-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370357     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr Jpn     Country:  JAPAN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  205-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child
Cystic Fibrosis / complications,  metabolism*
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency / complications,  metabolism
Fatty Acids, Essential / deficiency,  metabolism
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Prostaglandins / metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids, Essential; 0/Prostaglandins

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