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Two-Layered Susceptibility Vessel Sign on 3-Tesla T2*-Weighted Imaging Is a Predictive Biomarker of Stroke Subtype.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25477219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A susceptibility vessel sign (SVS) on 1.5-tesla (T)-T2*-weighted images may predict cardioembolism. It has also been detected in patients with large artery atherosclerosis. In patients with major vessel occlusion, the SVS was comprised 2 layers on 3T-T2*-weighted images. We assessed the efficacy of 2-layered SVS on 3T-T2*-weighted imaging scans for predicting cardioembolism.
METHODS: Our study included 132 patients who had ischemic stroke within the preceding 24 hours and presented with internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery occlusion because of cardioembolism or large artery atherosclerosis. We compared 2-layered SVS and SVS on 3T-T2*-weighted imaging scans for their sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio for predicting cardioembolism.
RESULTS: We enrolled 132 patients (72 men; mean age, 74.5 years); of these, 63 (47.7%) were presented with cardioembolism. Although the sensitivity of SVS and 2-layered SVS for cardioembolism and large artery atherosclerosis was not statistically different (74.6% and 58.0%, respectively), the sensitivity of 2-layered SVS was significantly higher in patients with cardioembolism (42.9%) than those with large artery atherosclerosis (2.9%; P<0.001). The specificity and diagnostic odds ratio for 2-layered SVS for cardioembolism were 97.1% and 25.1; for SVS they were 42.0% and 2.1, respectively.
CONCLUSION: The specificity of 2-layered SVS for cardioembolism was high. It may be useful for predicting cardioembolism and for the management of patients with acute ischemic stroke.
Nobuaki Yamamoto; Junichiro Satomi; Yoshiteru Tada; Masafumi Harada; Yuishin Izumi; Shinji Nagahiro; Ryuji Kaji
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1524-4628     ISO Abbreviation:  Stroke     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-6    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0235266     Medline TA:  Stroke     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.
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