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Two-Dimensional Strain Rate and Doppler Tissue Myocardial Velocities: Analysis by Echocardiography of Hemodynamic and Functional Changes of the Failed Left Ventricle during Different Degrees of Extracorporeal Life Support.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22421027     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: To evaluate hemodynamic and functional changes of the failed left ventricle by Velocity Vector Imaging (VVI) and tissue Doppler, 22 patients with cardiogenic shock supported by extracorporeal life support (ECLS) were imaged during ECLS output variations inducing severe load manipulations. METHODS: The following data were acquired: (1) mean arterial pressure, aortic Doppler velocity-time integral, left ventricular end-diastolic volume, and mitral Doppler E wave; (2) tissue Doppler systolic (Sa) and early diastolic (Ea) velocities; and (3) systolic peak velocity (Sv), strain, and strain rate using VVI. RESULTS: Load variations were documented by a significant decrease in afterload (mean arterial pressure, -21%), an increase in preload (left ventricular end-diastolic volume, +12%; E, +46%; E/Ea ratio, +22%), and an increase in the velocity-time integral (+45%). VVI parameters increased (Sv, +36%; strain, +81%; and strain rate, +67%; P < .05), unlike tissue Doppler systolic velocities (+2%; P = NS). Whatever the ECLS flow, Sa was higher in patients who survived. CONCLUSIONS: VVI parameters are not useful in characterizing the failed left ventricle with rapidly varying load conditions. Tissue Doppler systolic velocities appear to be load independent and thus could help in the management of ECLS patients.
Authors:
Nadia Aissaoui; Emmanuel Guerot; Alain Combes; Annie Delouche; Jean Chastre; Pascal Leprince; Philippe Leger; Jean Luc Diehl; Jean Yves Fagon; Benoit Diebold
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6795     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801388     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Université René Descartes Paris V, Paris, France; Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou Européen, Paris, France; INSERM U678, Paris, France.
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