Document Detail


Twin and singleton births in Ghana--a case-control study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12217231     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A retrospective study involving 623 twin and 1246 singleton births was conducted to compare the two groups with regard to selected maternal, fetal and labor and delivery characteristics and outcomes. Maternal age and parity were significantly higher for twins. The risks of preterm delivery, arrival in the labor ward in second stage of labor, cesarean births and postpartum haemorrhage were significantly higher in twin than in singleton births. In vaginal deliveries twin mothers were significantly less likely to have had episiotomies or perineal lacerations. There was no difference in the duration of the third stage of labor or in the incidence of retained placentae. Antepartum haemorrhage was a less likely indication for cesarean delivery among twins, while there was no significant difference in the likelihood of severe pre-eclampsia/eclampsia being an indication. Singleton babies were significantly heavier than twins. The incidences of malpresentation, low birth weight, stillbirths and of admission of live births to the neonatal intensive care unit were significantly higher in twins. There was no difference in the rate of instrumental vaginal delivery, or in the route of delivery of fetuses presenting by the breech. There is the need for detailed study of the incidences of antepartum haemorrhage and hypertensive diseases in twin and singleton pregnancies and of the factors determining the mode of delivery when such complications arise. Labor and delivery should also be examined to determine any differences between the two groups, especially in the first and second stages.
Authors:
Kobinah Nkyekyer
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Twin Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Twin research : the official journal of the International Society for Twin Studies     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1369-0523     ISO Abbreviation:  Twin Res     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-09-09     Completed Date:  2002-10-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815819     Medline TA:  Twin Res     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  265-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ghana Medical School, Accra, Ghana. kobi_nky@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Birth Weight
Case-Control Studies
Cesarean Section / adverse effects,  statistics & numerical data
Delivery, Obstetric* / statistics & numerical data
Female
Ghana / epidemiology
Humans
Infant Mortality
Infant, Newborn
Male
Obstetric Labor Complications / epidemiology*
Pregnancy
Pregnancy, Multiple*
Retrospective Studies
Twins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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