Document Detail


Twenty-five years of selection for improved leg health in purebred broiler lines and underlying genetic parameters.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23155010     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Leg health is an important component of broiler welfare and the economics of broiler production. This study presents the development of leg health in 3 purebred commercial broiler lines during 25 yr of selection and investigates the genetic background of leg health traits in current populations of these lines. The leg health traits were deformities of the long bones (LD) and crooked toes (CT), recorded since 1985, and tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) and hock burn (HB), recorded since 1990. The prevalence of CT and HB decreased mainly in the first decade (range among lines -1.2 to -2.3% and -1.3 to -1.5% per year, respectively), after which it stabilized at low levels. The prevalence of LD and TD decreased by -0.6 to -0.9% and -0.4 to -1.2% per year, respectively. Genetic parameters were estimated using data from 4 recent generations. The BW ranged from 2.0 to 2.4 kg at 5 wk of age; the prevalences of LD, CT, TD, and HB from 8.6 to 12.9%, 0.6 to 2.6%, 4.6 to 8.0%, and 4.0 to 12.2%, respectively. Estimates of heritability were 0.04 to 0.07 for LD, 0.01 to 0.10 for CT, 0.10 to 0.27 for TD, and 0.06 to 0.09 for HB (all SE ≤0.01). Estimates of the genetic correlations between LD and CT were 0.11 to 0.43 (all SE ≤0.09), between these traits and HB were negligible, and of TD with LD, CT, and HB were -0.26 to 0.16 (all SE ≤0.11). Estimates of genetic correlations between the leg health traits and BW were lowly to moderately unfavorable, ranging from 0.09 to 0.37 (all SE ≤0.06). The differences between the lines suggest that strategies for simultaneous improvement of all traits tailored for each line individually have been effective. This research demonstrates the long-term effectiveness of selection for improving leg health in broilers and highlights that, despite somewhat unfavorable genetic correlations with BW, these traits can be improved simultaneously in a balanced breeding program.
Authors:
D N R G Kapell; W G Hill; A-M Neeteson; J McAdam; A N M Koerhuis; S Avendaño
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  91     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3032-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Aviagen Ltd., Newbridge, Midlothian EH28 8SZ, UK; and.
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