Document Detail

Twenty-eight years' experience of arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries in a single institution.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22334628     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVESWe reviewed our 28 years of experience of arterial switch operation (ASO) for transposition of the great arteries to investigate late sequelae of this procedure.METHODS387 patients who underwent ASO from 1984 to 2010 were included in this retrospective study. The longitudinal data were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using a log-rank test. Risk factors for late sequelae were analysed by the multivariable Cox proportional hazards model.RESULTSThe mean follow-up time was 10.0 years. There were 13 early deaths and 17 late deaths. All late deaths were within 1 year, except for three patients. Actuarial survival was 92.2 and 91.6% at 10 and 20 years, respectively. Sixty-six patients (17.1%) had developed pulmonary stenosis (PS) and 29 patients (7.5%) had developed moderate or more aortic insufficiency (AI) during follow-up. Selective coronary angiography was performed in 210 patients (54.3%) at 9.6 ± 5.1 years after ASO. Left main tract occlusion was found in 2 patients (2/210; 1.0%) and hypoplastic left coronary artery was found in 10 patients (10/210; 4.8%). Among these 12 patients, 8 patients were asymptomatic. Re-operation was performed in 76 patients (19.6%), pulmonary artery plasty for PS in 58 patients (15.0%), aortic valve replacement for AI including two Bentall operations in 9 patients (2.3%) and others. Freedom from re-operation was 78.2 and 62.8% at 10 and 20 years, respectively. The risk factor for PS was the use of equine pericardium for reconstruction (P < 0.0001). Factors associated with moderate or more AI was the presence of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (P = 0.004). There were no risk factors for late coronary lesions. Three hundred and forty surviving patients (340/357; 95.2%) were in NYHA functional class I. Treadmill test, which was performed on 217 patients (56.1%) at 14.3 ± 5.4 years after ASO, revealed that the maximum heart rate was 97.5 ± 7.6% of normal and peak oxygen consumption was 105.2 ± 20.5% of normal.CONCLUSIONSASO was performed with satisfactory results in the overall survival and functional status. PS was the main reason for re-operation. Coronary lesions can appear late without any symptoms. Benefits of ASO can be achieved by long-term follow-ups of PS, AI and coronary lesions.
Shinichiro Oda; Toshihide Nakano; Junya Sugiura; Naoki Fusazaki; Shiro Ishikawa; Hideaki Kado
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-734X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fukuoka Children's Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan.
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