Document Detail

Turner syndrome phalangeal screening based on a two-stage linear regression concept.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19674357     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Turner syndrome (TS) is a congenital chromosomal abnormality, resulting in short stature, short fourth metacarpal, and retarded skeletal maturation in children. The existing methods of diagnosis, which include carpal angle, metacarpal sign, and body mass index (BMI), cannot accurately diagnose TS. The authors propose a novel procedure for examining the hand skeleton to distinguish between normal individuals and patients with TS. METHODS: This investigation was divided into two parts. In the first part, existing methods (evaluation of the metacarpal sign, measurement of the carpal angle, and determination of BMI) were used. Examination in the second part was based on the two-stage screening method (TSSM). In the first stage in TSSM, the ratio of the lengths of the distal-middle phalanges of the fifth digit was determined in normal subjects with average range of satisfactory body height and TS patients. A suitable cut-off was found on linear regression and used to divide the plot into TS patients and normal subjects. In the second stage, the normal section was transferred to another group based on bone and chronological ages. A greater number of patients were diagnosed with TS using this method. Finally, four cut-off parameters were determined on linear regression analysis. Results with optimal sensitivity and specificity were automatically obtained. RESULTS: The combination of TSSM with optimal programming (sensitivity = 0.81 and specificity = 0.91) was satisfactory for diagnosing TS patients. CONCLUSION: TSSM can suitably evaluate growth of the hand skeleton to distinguish between normal individuals and patients with TS.
Chui-Mei Tiu; Tzu-Chiang Liu; Chi-Wen Hsieh; Dau-Ming Niu; Jen-Dar Chen; Tai-Lang Jong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics international : official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1442-200X     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Int     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-13     Completed Date:  2009-12-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100886002     Medline TA:  Pediatr Int     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  453-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Fingers / abnormalities*,  radiography
Linear Models
Sensitivity and Specificity
Turner Syndrome / diagnosis*

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