Document Detail

Tuning the Mechanical Properties of Composites from Elastomeric to Rigid Thermoplastic by Controlled Addition of Carbon Nanotubes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21538861     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
A commercial thermoplastic polyurethane is identified for which the addition of nanotubes dramatically improves its mechanical properties. Increasing the nanotube content from 0% to 40% results in an increase in modulus, Y, (0.4-2.2 GPa) and stress at 3% strain, σ(ϵ = 3%) , (10-50 MPa), no significant change in ultimate tensile strength, σ(B) , (≈50 MPa) and decreases in strain at break, ϵ(B) , (555-3%) and toughness, T, (177-1 MJ m(-3) ). This variation in properties spans the range from compliant and ductile, like an elastomer, at low mass fractions to stiff and brittle, like a rigid thermoplastic, at high nanotube content. For mid-range nanotube contents (≈15%) the material behaves like a rigid thermoplastic with large ductility: Y = 1.5 GPa, σ(ϵ = 3%) = 36 MPa, σ(B) = 55 MPa, ϵ(B) = 100% and T = 50 MJ m(-3) . Analysis suggests that soft polyurethane segments are immobilized by adsorption onto the nanotubes, resulting in large changes in mechanical properties.
Umar Khan; Peter May; Arlene O'Neill; Juan J Vilatela; Alan H Windle; Jonathan N Coleman
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1613-6829     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101235338     Medline TA:  Small     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
School of Physics and CRANN, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland.
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