Document Detail

Tunicamycin Induces Paraptosis Potentiated by Inhibition of BRAFV600E in FRO Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma Cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25202067     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of the present study was to elucidate whether tunicamycin (TM) induces paraptosis as a cell death subroutine in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) cells.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: 8505C, CAL62 and FRO cells were used. After treatment of TM, cell survival and morphology were investigated. The effect of the BRAF(V600E) inhibitor PLX4032 in combination with TM was evaluated.
RESULTS: In FRO cells, TM induced paraptosis characteristic of cytoplasmic vacuolation and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) swelling, which was not associated with caspase activation and ER stress. TM-induced paraptosis was ameliorated by pre-treatment with the translation inhibitor cycloheximide, while it was accelerated by pre-treatment with the proteasome inhibitor MG132. PLX4032 augmented TM-induced paraptosis.
CONCLUSION: TM induces paraptosis relevant to de novo protein synthesis and proteasomal activity, and inhibition of BRAF(V600E) potentiates TM-induced paraptosis in FRO cells harboring BRAF(V600E).
Si Hyoung Kim; Hae-Young Shin; Yong-Sun Kim; Jun Goo Kang; Chul Sik Kim; Sung-Hee Ihm; Moon Gi Choi; Hyung Joon Yoo; Seong Jin Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anticancer research     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1791-7530     ISO Abbreviation:  Anticancer Res.     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-09-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8102988     Medline TA:  Anticancer Res     Country:  Greece    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4857-68     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright© 2014 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.
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