Document Detail

Tumors of the diaphragm.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20112635     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Primary tumors of the diaphragm are rare. The most common benign cystic lesions of the diaphragm are bronchogenic or mesothelial cysts, while the most common benign solid lesion is a lipoma. Benign tumors of the diaphragm are resected if they are symptomatic or if there is a doubt about the diagnosis. The most common primary malignant lesion is rhabdomyosarcoma. Malignant tumors are treated based on histology and often with chemotherapy and/or radiation along with surgical resection if feasible. Endometriosis, a benign process that metastasizes to the diaphragm, is typically treated medically; surgical ablation or resection is considered only after failed conservative treatment. Surgical resection of metastatic malignant tumors, such as ovarian cancer and thymoma, as well as malignancies affecting the diaphragm by direct extension, such as mesothelioma, lung, and esophageal cancer, may provide some survival advantage.
Min Peter Kim; Wayne L Hofstetter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Thoracic surgery clinics     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1547-4127     ISO Abbreviation:  Thorac Surg Clin     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-01     Completed Date:  2010-02-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101198195     Medline TA:  Thorac Surg Clin     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  521-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, MD Anderson Cancer Center, The University of Texas, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Unit 445, Houston, TX 77030-4009, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Muscle Neoplasms / diagnosis,  pathology*,  surgery

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