Document Detail


Tuberculosis infection control in primary health clinics in eThekwini, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23032106     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
SETTING: Primary health clinics in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.OBJECTIVE: To assess and describe current practices in infection control at local government primary health clinics.DESIGN: A descriptive study using a standardised tool to assess adherence to recommended infection control policies in 51 primary health clinics in 2009-2010. Administrative policies, engineering controls and personal respiratory protection were assessed by observations and interviews at the clinics.RESULTS: Of 51 clinics, 11 (22%) had infection control policies, 13 (26%) triaged coughing patients and 16 (31%) had a dedicated nurse and a dedicated consulting room for treating tuberculosis (TB) patients. Study clinics treated a median of 99 patients (range 3-331) daily and a median of 15 TB patients (range 2-73) monthly. Of the rooms in the clinics, all of which rely on natural ventilation, half (149/284) had ≤12 air changes per hour. Eleven (22%) of 51 clinics had N95 masks available for staff use.CONCLUSION: Limited infection control practices exist in clinics in a high TB burden setting in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. These practices need to be implemented more widely to minimise the spread of TB to non-infected patients and health care workers in primary health clinics.
Authors:
S Naidoo; K Seevnarain; D L Nordstrom
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1815-7920     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706389     Medline TA:  Int J Tuberc Lung Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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