Document Detail


Trophodynamics of mercury and other trace elements in a pelagic food chain from the Baltic Sea.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19767059     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mercury (Hg) and 13 other trace elements (Al, Ti, V, Cr, Fe, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb) were measured in phytoplankton, zooplankton, mysis and herring in order to examine the trophodynamics in a well-studied pelagic food chain in the Baltic Sea. The fractionation of nitrogen isotopes (delta(15)N) was used to evaluate food web structure and to estimate the extent of trophic biomagnification of the various trace elements. Trophic magnification factors (TMFs) for each trace element were determined from the slope of the regression between trace element concentrations and delta(15)N. Calculated TMFs showed fundamental differences in the trophodynamics of the trace elements in the pelagic food chain studied. Concentrations of Al, Fe, Ni, Zn, Pb and Cd showed statistically significant decreases (TMF<1) with increasing trophic levels and thus these trace elements tropically dilute or biodilute in this Baltic food chain. Cu, As, Cr, Mn, V, Ti and Co showed no significant relationships with trophic levels. Hg was unique among the trace elements studied in demonstrating a statistically significant increase (TMF>1) in concentration with trophic level i.e. Hg biomagnifies in this Baltic food chain. The estimated TMF for Hg in this food chain was comparable to TMFs observed elsewhere for diverse food chains and locations.
Authors:
Erick Nfon; Ian T Cousins; Olli J??rvinen; Arun B Mukherjee; Matti Verta; Dag Broman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-09-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Science of the total environment     Volume:  407     ISSN:  1879-1026     ISO Abbreviation:  Sci. Total Environ.     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-02     Completed Date:  2010-01-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330500     Medline TA:  Sci Total Environ     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  6267-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM), Geohuset Svante Arrhenius v??g 8C, Stockholm University, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Environmental Monitoring
Food Chain
Mercury / analysis*
Oceans and Seas
Seawater / chemistry*
Trace Elements / analysis*
Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Trace Elements; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical; 7439-97-6/Mercury

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