Document Detail

Trophic feeding of the preterm infant.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11332950     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Trophic feeding is the practice of feeding minute volumes of enteral feeds in order to stimulate the development of the immature gastrointestinal tract of the preterm infant This paper reviews the randomized controlled studies that have examined the physiological and clinical responses to trophic feeding of the preterm infant. Trophic feeding alters gastrointestinal disaccharidase activity, hormone release, blood flow, motility and microbial flora. Clinical benefits appear to include improved milk tolerance, greater postnatal growth, reduced systemic sepsis and shorter hospital stay. There is currently no evidence of any adverse effects following trophic feeding.
R J McClure
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992). Supplement     Volume:  90     ISSN:  0803-5326     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr Suppl     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-02     Completed Date:  2001-09-06     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9315043     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr Suppl     Country:  Norway    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Neonatal Unit, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Digestive System Physiological Phenomena
Enteral Nutrition*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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