Document Detail


Troglitazone prevents and reverses dyslipidemia, insulin secretory defects, and histologic abnormalities in a rat model of naturally occurring obese diabetes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11016899     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Troglitazone has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity and thereby exert hypoglycemic effects in various animal models and humans with insulin resistance and diabetes. The recently established animal model of naturally occurring obese diabetes, the Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rat, has many similarities with human type 2 diabetes mellitus and is characterized by a high degree of insulin resistance. In the present study, we examined the effect of pharmacologic intervention with troglitazone on metabolic and histopathologic changes in OLETF rats. Two groups of rats received a troglitazone-rich diet (200 mg/100 g normal chow) from age 12 weeks (ie, before the onset of diabetes) or 28 weeks (ie, after the onset of diabetes) to age 70 weeks, while a third group received standard rat chow. The addition of troglitazone to the diet did not alter food intake or body weight gain. Troglitazone had no influence on visceral adipose depots, but it significantly reduced fasting glucose, insulin, cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), and free fatty acid (FFA) levels. Troglitazone reduced the insulin resistance and maintained the postglycemic insulin response at a normal level, and thus inhibited the development of insulin insensitivity and frank diabetes in OLETF rats up to 70 weeks of age. The pancreatic wet weight and insulin content were significantly higher in the treated rat groups versus the control rats. The morphologic changes observed in the control rats, such as fibrosis and structural disarrangement of islets, were minimal in the troglitazone-treated rats. Our study demonstrates that troglitazone, albeit at a dosage 10 to 15 times higher than that in humans, not only prevents but also reverses the metabolic derangement and histopathologic changes in genetically determined obese diabetes.
Authors:
D M Jia; A Tabaru; H Nakamura; K I Fukumitsu; T Akiyama; M Otsuki
Related Documents :
20737629 - In vivo study of a polymeric glucose-sensitive insulin delivery system using a rat model.
21805479 - Hdl of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus elevates the capability of promoting migr...
9537819 - Increased hypothalamic neuropeptide y concentration or hyperphagia in streptozotocin-di...
2143419 - Serum esterase activities and hyperlipidaemia in the streptozotocin-diabetic rat.
3046969 - Activation of smooth muscle cell outgrowth from bb/wor rat aortas.
7621969 - Dyslipidemia and diabetes: animal models.
6363499 - Behavioral effects of vagotomy in humans.
15692059 - Mechanisms through which bradykinin promotes glomerular injury in diabetes.
8474559 - Transport of l-lactate by cultured rat brain astrocytes.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Metabolism: clinical and experimental     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0026-0495     ISO Abbreviation:  Metab. Clin. Exp.     Publication Date:  2000 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-10-12     Completed Date:  2000-10-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375267     Medline TA:  Metabolism     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1167-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Third Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Kitakyushu, Japan.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipose Tissue / pathology
Aging
Animals
Blood Glucose / analysis
Body Weight
Cholesterol / blood
Chromans / therapeutic use*
Diabetes Mellitus / drug therapy*,  pathology,  physiopathology
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy,  pathology,  physiopathology
Eating
Fasting
Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / blood
Glucose Tolerance Test
Hyperlipidemias / drug therapy,  prevention & control*
Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use*
Insulin / analysis,  blood,  secretion*
Male
Obesity*
Organ Size
Pancreas / chemistry,  pathology
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Thiazoles / therapeutic use*
Thiazolidinediones*
Triglycerides / blood
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Chromans; 0/Fatty Acids, Nonesterified; 0/Hypoglycemic Agents; 0/Thiazoles; 0/Thiazolidinediones; 0/Triglycerides; 11061-68-0/Insulin; 57-88-5/Cholesterol; 97322-87-7/troglitazone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Is the erythrocyte membrane fatty acid composition a valid index of skeletal muscle membrane fatty a...
Next Document:  Plasma cholesteryl ester transfer protein activity is high in infants and is not affected by thyroid...