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Triglyceride levels and apolipoprotein E polymorphism in patients with acute pancreatitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22251476     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Hypertriglyceridemia is an unusual cause of acute pancreatitis and sometimes considered to be an epiphenomenon. This study aimed to investigate the clinical and analytical features and the APOE genotypes in patients with acute pancreatitis and severe hypertriglyceridemia.
METHODS: We undertook a one-year, prospective study of patients with acute pancreatitis whose first laboratory analysis on admission to the emergency department included measurement of serum triglycerides. The APOE genotype was determined and the patients answered an established questionnaire within the first 24 hours concerning their alcohol consumption, the presence of co-morbidities and any medications being taken. The patients' progression, etiological diagnosis, hospital stay and clinical and radiological severity were all recorded.
RESULTS: Hypertriglyceridemia was responsible for 7 of 133 cases of pancreatitis (5%); the remaining cases were of biliary (53%), idiopathic (26%), alcoholic (11%) or other (5%) origin. Compared with these remaining cases, the patients with hypertriglyceridemia were significantly younger, had more relapses, and more often had diabetes mellitus. They usually consumed alcohol or consumed it excessively on the days before admission. Also, the ε4 allele of the APOE gene was more common in this group (P<0.05).
CONCLUSION: One of 20 episodes of acute pancreatitis is caused by hypertriglyceridemia and it is linked to genetic (ε4 allele) and comorbid factors such as diabetes and, especially, alcohol consumption.
Authors:
Radka Ivanova; Susana Puerta; Alfonso Garrido; Ignacio Cueto; Ana Ferro; Maria Jose Ariza; Andres Cobos; Pedro Gonzalez-Santos; Pedro Valdivielso
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hepatobiliary & pancreatic diseases international : HBPD INT     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1499-3872     ISO Abbreviation:  HBPD INT     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101151457     Medline TA:  Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  96-101     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Internal Medicine, Hospital Universitario "Virgen de la Victoria", Malaga, Spain. valdivielso@uma.es.
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