Document Detail

Tricuspid valve repair: durability and risk factors for failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15001895     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To compare durability of tricuspid valve annuloplasty techniques, identify risk factors for repair failure, and characterize survival, reoperation, and functional class of surviving patients. METHODS: From 1990 to 1999, 790 patients (mean age 65 +/- 12 years, 51% New York Heart Association functional class III or IV, and mean right ventricular systolic pressure 56 +/- 18 mm Hg) underwent tricuspid valve annuloplasty for functional regurgitation using 4 techniques: Carpentier-Edwards semi-rigid ring, Cosgrove-Edwards flexible band, De Vega procedure, and customized semicircular Peri-Guard annuloplasty. Of these patients, 89% had concomitant mitral valve surgery. A total of 2245 follow-up transthoracic echocardiograms were retrieved. Tricuspid regurgitation was analyzed, and risk factors for worsening regurgitation were identified, by multivariable ordinal longitudinal methods. RESULTS: Tricuspid regurgitation 1 week after annuloplasty was 3+ or 4+ in 14% of patients. Regurgitation severity was stable across time with the Carpentier-Edwards ring (P =.7), increased slowly with the Cosgrove-Edwards band (P =.05), and rose more rapidly with the De Vega (P =.002) and Peri-Guard (P =.0009) procedures. Risk factors for worsening regurgitation included higher preoperative regurgitation grade, poor left ventricular function, permanent pacemaker, and repair type other than ring annuloplasty. Right ventricular systolic pressure, ring size, preoperative New York Heart Association functional class, and concomitant surgery were not risk factors. Tricuspid reoperation was rare (3% at 8 years), and hospital mortality after reoperation was 37%. CONCLUSIONS: Tricuspid valve annuloplasty did not consistently eliminate functional regurgitation, and across time regurgitation increased importantly after Peri-Guard and De Vega annuloplasties. Therefore, these repair techniques should be abandoned, and transtricuspid pacing leads should be replaced with epicardial leads.
Patrick M McCarthy; Sunil K Bhudia; Jeevanantham Rajeswaran; Katherine J Hoercher; Bruce W Lytle; Delos M Cosgrove; Eugene H Blackstone
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  127     ISSN:  0022-5223     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2004 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-05     Completed Date:  2004-04-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  674-85     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Desk F24, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Disease Progression
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Treatment Failure
Tricuspid Valve / surgery*
Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology,  surgery*
Ventricular Function, Right
Ventricular Pressure

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