Document Detail

Trichinosis in the Canadian Arctic: report of five outbreaks and a new clinical syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2760502     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Trichinosis is a serious but understudied medical problem in the Arctic. Forty-nine consecutive cases in the Inuit population of northeastern Canada are described. Most developed the disease after eating raw walrus, and the clinical presentation of most of these cases differed from previously reported descriptions of classic trichinosis due to Trichinella spiralis. Unlike the classic syndrome of a brief period of diarrhea followed by fever, myalgia, muscle weakness, and edema, the most common presentation in these cases was a prolonged diarrhea without fever and with brief muscle symptoms. High peripheral eosinophilia, high Trichinella antibody serotiters, and little direct or indirect evidence of muscle invasion in many of those with the chronic diarrheal presentation suggest a new clinical syndrome due to a different species of Trichinella seen in the Arctic or to reinfection with Trichinella.
J D MacLean; J Viallet; C Law; M Staudt
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of infectious diseases     Volume:  160     ISSN:  0022-1899     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Infect. Dis.     Publication Date:  1989 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-09-19     Completed Date:  1989-09-19     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0413675     Medline TA:  J Infect Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  513-20     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
McGill University Centre for Tropical Disease, Department of Medicine, Montreal General Hospital, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Arctic Regions
Diarrhea / etiology
Muscles / parasitology
Trichinella / isolation & purification
Trichinellosis / diagnosis,  epidemiology*

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