Document Detail

Trichiasis among close relatives, central Ethiopia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16122116     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Active trachoma is known to cluster in close contacts, such as mother and child and between siblings, but we do not know the pattern for trichiasis. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine if there is as much trichiasis as active trachoma within families having close contact. This information will be helpful in designing intervention strategies. Trichiasis patients that presented for surgery were interviewed for the presence or absence of trichiasis in the current nuclear family, their parent/s, brother/s, sister/s, aunt/s or uncle/s. Of the 739 trichiasis patients interviewed, 78% were women. Fourteen percent of trichiasis cases had at least one nuclear family member with the same condition, and 20.0% had other relative/s (parent/s, brother/ s, sister/s, aunt/s or uncle/s) with trichiasis. Trichiasis increases in parallel with the increase in family size of the index case (c2 for trend = 70.6; P < 0.001). Sixty-nine percent of affected nuclear family members of the index cases were female members. In the relative with trichiasis, 92.8% of cases were parents, sisters and brothers of the index cases. Out of these, the majority (70%) were mothers and sisters. The chance of a female trichiasis patient having another relative with trichiasis is 70%. The chance of the mother/sister/s of a male trichiasis patient being trichiasis patients themselves is 80%, while that of the father/brother/s is 20% (c2=21.88; P < 0.001). If a female has trichiasis there is a 70% chance of her mother/sister/s, and 30% chance of the father/ brother/s (c2 = 27.52; P <0.001) also being trichiasis patients.
Muluken Melese; Wondu Alemayehu; Alemayehu Worku
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ethiopian medical journal     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0014-1755     ISO Abbreviation:  Ethiop. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-26     Completed Date:  2005-10-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0373223     Medline TA:  Ethiop Med J     Country:  Ethiopia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  255-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Ethiopia / epidemiology
Family Health*
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Trachoma / epidemiology*,  prevention & control,  transmission

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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